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Trade deal binds Brazil to Paris Agreement, says top EU official

quarta-feira, julho 17, 2019

The Amazon rainforest, near Manaus, the capital of the Brazilian state of Amazonas. (Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT)

‘President Bolsonaro chose, and came with us,’ said Cecilia Malmström, as she defended the EU deal with several South American nations

The top EU trade official defended the blockbuster deal between the bloc and major South American partners on Wednesday, insisting it binds Brazil to the Paris Agreement on climate change.

In an interview with AFP, Cecilia Malmström said the EU-Mercosur treaty was
 a “good deal that does not sacrifice” European agriculture, hailing one of the 
last agreements under her mandate, which ends on October 31, after those 
reached with Japan and Canada.

Last month, after two decades of talks, the EU announced a preliminary 
trade agreement with Mercosur countries – Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and
 Uruguay – one of the biggest such pacts ever negotiated.

Malmstrom, who led negotiations in the final stretch, has since faced a
barrage of criticism, notably by European farmers afraid of a flood of beef 
imports and environmentalists alarmed over Brazil’s rampant deforestation of
the rain forest.

At the centre of these concerns is Brazil’s far-right president Jair
 Bolsonaro, an unabashed climate change sceptic who has ramped up deforestation and threatened to follow Washington by dumping the climate accord.

This trade agreement “does not mean that we agree with all the policies of 
these countries, but it is a way to anchor Brazil in the Paris Agreement,”
 Malmstrom said.

US president Donald Trump “tries to get other political leaders to join him
 and leave the Paris Agreement. Here, president Bolsonaro chose, and came with us,” she said.

Pressured by France, Malmstrom and her teams made adherence to the Paris 
climate deal a condition of the trade deal, a position Brussels says will now
 apply to all such pacts. Under the Paris accord, Brazil is committed to delivering 12 million hectares of reforestation in the Amazonian forest that plays a crucial role in regulating the earth’s climate.

On Monday, Reuters reported Brazil’s vice president Hamilton Mourao said he now considered it “impossible” for Brazil to leave the Paris Agreement.

Malmstrom acknowledged that the deal faces a torturous ratification
 process, with about 40 national or regional parliaments across Europe as well
 as the European Parliament needing to approve it.

While it is “hard to know… I believe that at least two years” will be 
necessary before implementation, she said. Malmstrom also staunchly criticised opponents to the deal, who had not read 
the agreement.

“Some have not really read the agreement and spread rumours, false 
interpretations that frighten people,” she said.

“Those who work in agriculture today are worried about the future. That’s
 normal. But, in fact, agriculture is not sacrificed in the agreement,” she 
insisted.

For Europe, the deal would mean greater access to large South American
 automobile markets and respect for so-called protected geographical
 indications such as Cognac or Manchego cheese.

Mercosur countries in return hope to export up to 99,000 tonnes of beef to
 Europe a year before they have to pay tariffs, alongside stronger exports of
 ethanol, sugar and poultry.

Page: Climate Change News

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