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Use of heterogeneous acid catalyst combined with pressurized conditions for esters production from macauba pulp oil and methyl acetate

segunda-feira, setembro 23, 2019

SEM images of γ-alumina catalyst with enlargement of (a) 5 k times and (b) 10 k times.


Authors: Luiz Jardel; Fernandade Castilhos; Camila da Silva

Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the production of fatty acid methyl esters using macauba oil and methyl acetate under pressurized conditions, using heterogeneous γ-alumina catalyst in a continuous system. The catalytic reaction kinetics were evaluated at temperatures between 225 and 300 °C, as well as the effect of catalyst particle size on the reaction. 

The temperature increase promoted an esters and triacetin (TA) production rise. It was found that the catalyst utilization, in granulometry from 0.85 to 1.00 mm, allowed better product yields at shorter residence time. 

The best result for catalytic reaction was obtained using the smallest catalyst particle size (0.85–1 mm), 275 °C, 20 MPa, methyl acetate (MA):oil mass ratio of 2.5:1, 20 min, obtaining 60.24 ± 0.68% esters content and 2.76 ± 0.06% TA content. The heterogeneous catalyst usage increased the TA production by 736% and the esters production by 33%.

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Page: Science Direct

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