The growing list of countries committing to a net-zero emissions goal

terça-feira, julho 02, 2019

After decades of work, scientists have finally agreed on a (relatively) simple answer to the climate crisis: Achieve net-zero greenhouse-gas emissions as soon as economically possible. The only thing that drives global warming is the total amount of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere. (The “net-zero” part is that, in cases like air travel, we won’t have the technology to stop emitting; in those cases, we’ll need to build sinks to capture those emissions.)
This simple message was amplified in 2015, after every country in the world signed the Paris climate agreement. Since then, many large and small countries have committed to adopting a net-zero emissions goal.
Here’s the running list of such countries, compiled by the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit. We will update the list as more countries are added or their goal status changes.
CountryTarget dateGoal status
SurinameAchievedAlready carbon negative
BhutanAchievedAlready carbon negative
Norway2030In law
Uruguay2030In policy document
Finland2035In policy document
Iceland2040In policy document
Sweden2045In law
UK2050In law
France2050In law
Spain2050Proposed legislation
New Zealand2050Proposed legislation
Germany2050Target under discussion
Netherlands2050Target under discussion
Ireland2050Target under discussion
Denmark2050In policy document
Chile2050In policy document
Portugal2050In policy document
Costa Rica2050In policy document
Fiji2050In policy document
Marshall Islands2050In policy document
Notable absences on that list: The United States, Australia, and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.
Despite those missing commitments, some smaller economies within those countries and others have set themselves a net-zero emissions goal. At the state level, that group includes California, New York, and Hawaii in the US; and New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland in Australia. At the city level, it includes New York City, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Washington DC, San Francisco, Seattle, Sydney, Boston, Stockholm, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Austin, Melbourne, Helsinki, Manchester, Oslo, Nottingham, Adelaide, Bristol, Heidelberg, and Reykjavik.
The sum total of all these economies accounts for more than 17% of the global GDP. There’s still a long way to go to align 100% of global GDP with this goal, and committing to a goal does not mean countries or regions will achieve it. But it’s a stronger climate-mitigation stance than setting no goals at all.

Page: Quartz

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