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A review of the palm genus Acrocomia: Neotropical green gold

sexta-feira, setembro 28, 2018

Resultado de imagem para macauba

Abstract

The genus Acrocomia, popularly known as macaw palm or macaúba, occurs in savanna areas and open forests of tropical America, with distribution from Central to southern South America. 
They are important oleaginous palm trees, due to their role in ecosystems and local economies and their potential for biofuel production and vegetable oil. Although the taxonomy of the genus is not resolved because of observed phenotypic diversity in A. aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart., there are several conflicting treatments. Some authors recognize three caulescent spp. occurring in South America: AaculeataAintumescens Drude, and AtotaiMart, although a new one was described recently—Acrocomia corumbaensis
Because some Latin American governments want to expand production of macaw palm in their territory as raw material for agro-energy, several groups have been encouraged to study this genus, focusing on the production of biodiesel, seed germination, phenotypic aspects, and genetic diversity. The goal of this review is to compile key information available in the literature and herbarium data, focusing on South American populations of the genus.
Authors:
  • Natácia Evangelista de Lima, 
  • Alexandre Assis Carvalho, 
  • Alan William Meerow, 
  • Maura Helena Manfrin

Keywords

Arecaceae Fossil record Macaw palm Raw material Taxonomy 

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